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教育论坛学科研讨区英语教学 → [公告]08.01.08在线研讨:共话英语试题的编制与评价

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[公告]08.01.08在线研讨:共话英语试题的编制与评价
linhong_bnu
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[公告]08.01.08在线研讨:共话英语试题的编制与评价
经过网上投票,2008年1月8日在线研讨的题目被确定为:

共话英语试题的编制与评价

一、研讨时间:2008年1月8日(周二)20:00—22:00  

二、注意事项

1.欢迎大家踊跃发言。    

2.为提高在线研讨的效率,研讨时问题应尽量简炼,并紧密围绕主题。

3.本贴是研讨专用贴,与本次研讨主题无关的内容请不要在此跟贴。敬请支持,谢谢合作。

4.为了顺利发帖,避免出现打不出中文或发送后丢失的现象出现,强烈建议大家用WORD先打好,再粘贴在发言框中;或是在发送之前,先刷黑复制一下。这样,即使由于网络原因导致丢失,也还有挽回的余地。

三、友情提示

1.请参考“关于参加论坛讨论和在线研讨的方法和注意事项”

http://bbs.cersp.com/dispbbs.asp?BoardID=16&ID=18141&replyID=&skin=1

2.请参考“发帖防丢失小窍门”  

http://bbs.cersp.com/dispbbs.asp?BoardID=16&ID=25375&replyID=&skin=1

3.请参考"先浏览以往的帖子,再发帖或回复" ,以便了解如何事先了解论坛中是否有自己感兴趣的内容.

http://bbs.cersp.com/dispbbs.asp?boardID=16&ID=41973&page=1

4.请参考"为什么有的老师发完帖子找不到"大部队"? ",以免找不到要发帖或跟帖的地方.

http://bbs.cersp.com/dispbbs.asp?boardID=16&ID=41965&page=1

[此贴子已经被作者于2007-12-9 14:02:43编辑过]
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2007-12-9 13:04:00
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2008年第2季度-第4季度的在线研讨题,正在征集之中,请到http://bbs.cersp.com/dispbbs.asp?boardID=16&ID=48938&page=1参加论题征集.谢谢!
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为了使研讨更有效,建议老师们事前把需要讨论的内容或试题放在这里,光靠当时即兴发挥,往往容易陷于空泛.
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论坛中相关讨论:

听力题的设计应该注意什么?

http://bbs.cersp.com/dispbbs.asp?boardID=16&ID=66013&page=8

[此贴子已经被作者于2007-12-9 13:27:27编辑过]
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france1981
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单项选择题应该如何设计?
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2007-12-18 16:38:00
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可以帖一些老师们认为好的测试题上来,也可以帖一些老师们认为需要商榷的测试题上来.这样才好讨论.

期待中.

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2007-12-26 22:33:00
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我们手头都应该会有试题的,但是就是不知道什么为好??

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2007-12-27 21:16:00
linhong_bnu
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以下是引用f20010825在2007-12-27 21:16:00的发言:

我们手头都应该会有试题的,但是就是不知道什么为好??

因为1月8日的讨论题是"共话英语试题的编制与评价",所以,只要是各位老师认为想拿出来大家一起讨论的试题,均可以转帖上来.比如,可以是老师们认为特别好的试题,值得向大家推荐的;也可以是认为有些问题不好把握的,想和大家一起探讨的;也可以是在实践过程中,认为是问题比较多的,需要引起大家注意的.

总之,只要是符合"共话英语试题的编制与评价"这一话题的试题、或是一些思考,都可以。我们希望有实例,是为了使讨论更有针对性,尽量避免空对空地谈理论、谈理念,真正通过讨论,帮助我们大家找到一些感觉、思路、方法。

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以下是引用f20010825在2007-12-27 21:16:00的发言:

我们手头都应该会有试题的,但是就是不知道什么为好??

可以浏览一下下面这组讨论,因为有具体实例,讨论得就比较深入:

听力题的设计应该注意什么?

http://bbs.cersp.com/dispbbs.asp?boardID=16&ID=66013&page=8

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以下是引用france1981在2007-12-18 16:38:00的发言:
单项选择题应该如何设计?

这个问题其实也比较大。首先,暂且把你的问题定为,“如何用单项选择来考查语法或词汇?”。考查的时候有很多注意的地方。有一些基本的原则,如下:

The following principles should be observed when MC items are constructed.

①.  Each MC should have only ONE answer. ..

e.g. “I stayed here until John __________.” (Anything wrong?)

A. had come           B. came        C. would come             D. has come

 

②.  Only one feature at a time should be tested: (一次只考查一个知识点,主要为了给教学提供反馈信息。)

e.g. “I never knew where _____________ .”(Anything wrong?)

A. had the boys gone                                B. the boys have gone     

C. have the boys gone                                D. the boys had gone

 

③.  Each option should be grammatically right  when placed in the stem.

e.g. “ Someone who designs houses is a __________ .”(Anything wrong?)

A. designer             B. builder            C. architect               D. plumber

John soon returned to _________.

A. work                  B. the prison    C. home       D. school

 

④.  All MC items should be at a level appropriate to students' level. The context should be at a proper level that the actual problem with which the item is testing.(题目的上下文的语法结构、词汇一定不要超过考查点的难度。)

 

⑤.  MC times should be as brief as possible.

 

⑥.  In many tests, items are arranged in rough order of increasing difficulty (先考容易的题,难题放在后面) .

 

 

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amanda
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以下是引用france1981在2007-12-18 16:38:00的发言:
单项选择题应该如何设计?

 

题干需要注意以下问题:

The Stem

n      Its primary purpose: present the problem clearly and concisely

 

n      Should not contain extraneous information or irrelevant clues.(多余,累赘的信息不要!)

   

n      Should convey enough information to indicate the basis on which the correct option should be selected.(但是包含   考点的信息点要出来!)

  

n      Should usually contain those words or phrases that would otherwise have to be repeated in each option. (不需要重复某些词或者部分)

e.g. “The word ‘astronaut’ is used in the passage to refer to __________. ( Anything wrong or not good?)

A.   travelers in an ocean liner

B.   travelers in a spaceship

C.  travelers in a submarine

D.  travelers in a balloon

“I enjoy _______ the children playing in the park.”( Anything wrong or not good?)

       A. looking to      B. looking about               C. looking at     D. looking on

 

题干可以采取以下形式: 

n      The stem may take the following forms:

(a)  An_____________ statement

e.g. “He accused me of ________ lies.”

A. speaking       B. saying            C. telling            D. talking

(b)  a ___________ statement

e.g. “Everything we wanted was to hand.

A.   under control  B. well cared for  C. within reach  D. being prepared

(c)  a __________

e.g. “According to the writer, what did Tom immediately do?”

    A. He ran home.              B. He began to shout.

    C. He met Bob.                D. He phoned the police.

 

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以下是引用france1981在2007-12-18 16:38:00的发言:
单项选择题应该如何设计?

之三:

The Distractors 干扰项的设计:(这个环节往往让老师最头疼)

l      Each distractor should be reasonably attractive and plausible.(需要具有一定的干扰力)

 

l      It should appear right to any testee who is unsure of the correct option.

 

l      Items are designed in such a way that students obtain correct option by slecting rather than by elimination(学生是通过选择得出答案,而不是通过排除法得出,).

e.g. “The present tax reforms have benefited _________ poor.” (NOT GOOD)

   A. that   B. the   C. a   D. an

 

l      For most purposes, each distractor should be grammatically correct when it stands by itself: otherwise testees will be exposed to incorrect forms.(干扰项本身的语法应该是正确的,不然会给学生不正确的语言输入。)

e.g. “ How did Picard first travel in space?”

A.     He traveled in a space ship.

B.      He went in a submarine.

C.     He used a large balloon.

D.     He jumped from a tall building.

(学生一定在想:出这个题的老师脑子进水了,题目是travel in space, 只有疯子才会想到那些方法,哈哈!)

 

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现在到了完形填空题了。我个人总结的命制完形填空题应该注意的事项(Cloze Test DIY):

Find a passage of proper

       length (250—300 words)

       topic (instructive stories)

       level of language difficulty

Choose what to be tested

       notional words (nouns, adjectives, adverbs, verbs)

       words/phrases which can

              tell the development of the story

              tell the writer’s ideas

              tell the main idea of the passage

              tell the logic relations between the lines

              be figured out from somewhere else or the clues of the story

Choose where to leave a blank

       not in the first sentence

       three at most in the same sentence

       more than 4 words between every two blanks

Provide distracters that can

       distract the examinees’ understanding or judgments

       be easily confusing with the keys in meanings

       not be distinguished in forms

       not be related in terms of grammar 

       not cause disputes

       focus on same ideas or word meanings

欢迎批评指正!


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我把山东省2007年的第一篇阅读理解给改编成完形填空了。

A month after Hurricane Katrina, I returned home in New Orleans. There lay my ____36___, reduced to waist-high ruins, smelly and ____37___.

Before the trip, I’d had my car fixed. When the office employee of the garage was writing up the ____38___, she noticed my Louisiana license plate. “You from New Orleans?” she asked. I said I was. “No ____39___,” she said, and firmly shook her head when I reached for my ____40___. The next day I went for a haircut, and the ____41___ thing happened.

____42___ my wife was studying in Florida, we decided to move there and tried to find a rental house that we could ____43___ while also paying off a mortgage (抵押贷款) on our ruined house. We looked at many places, but none was ____44___. We’d begun to ____45___ that we’d have to live in extremely reduced circumstances for a while, when I got a very curious e-mail from a James Kennedy in California. He’d read some pieces I’d written about our ____46___ for Slate, the online magazine, and wanted to give us (“no conditions attached”) a new house across the lake from New Orleans.

It sounded too ____47___ to be true, but I replied, thanking him for his exceptional ____48___, that we had no plans to go back. Then a poet at the University of Florida ____49___ to let his house to me while he went to England on his one-year paid leave. The ____50___ was rather reasonable. I mentioned the poet’s offer to James Kennedy, ____51___ the next day he sent a check ____52___ our entire rent for eight months.

Throughout this ____53___ experience, the kindness of ____54___ has done much to bring back my faith in humanity. It’s almost worth ____55___ your worldly possessions to be reminded that people are really nice when given half a chance.

36.   A. home               B. house                     C. garage                    D. hospital

37.   A. short                B. poor                 C. dirty                        D. lovely

38.   A. bill                    B. note                 C. account                  D. cheque

39.   A. money             B. service             C. debt                        D. charge

40.   A. purse               B. wallet               C. coins                      D. pocket

41.   A. same                B. funny               C. miserable                D. different

42.   A. As                    B. If                      C. When                            D. Though

43.   A. buy                  B. borrow             C. lose                        D. afford

44.   A. reasonable       B. cheap                     C. satisfactory             D. convenient

45.   A. accuse             B. access             C. accept                    D. accommodate

46.   A. sufferings        B. conditions        C. offerings                D. appreciations

47.   A. curious            B. hard                 C. good                       D. pleasant

48.   A. generosity              B. possession      C. attitude                   D. behavior

49.   A. encouraged     B. advised            C. wondered               D. offered

50.   A. hire                  B. rent                  C. deal                        D. devotion

51.   A. and                  B. but                   C. therefore                D. yet

52.   A. counting          B. sharing            C. covering                 D. paying

53.   A. wonderful        B. painful             C. successful                     D. harmful

54.   A. friends             B. neighbors        C. relatives                  D. strangers

55.   A. receiving          B. offering           C. losing                            D. gaining


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有一篇很有参考价值的文章,转帖在这儿:

从信度与效度的相互关系看语言测试的取向

作者:汪先锋 

http://blog.cersp.com/userlog2/60038/archives/2007/701483.shtml

摘要:信度与效度是语言测试的永恒主题,信度与效度孰重孰轻,也是现代语言测试学家一直争论不休的话题。本文试从信度与效度相互关系的角度出发,结合语言测试对外语教学的反拨作用,指出效度应重于信度。

关键词:测试;信度;效度;相互关系;取向

[此贴子已经被作者于2008-1-2 22:46:59编辑过]

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jessicawang
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说一下个人的看法,

看到这个话题,我心里有点不是滋味,因为小学英语应该是无压力的学与教,

但现在却要注重考试了,一下子把我们快乐教学圈在了一个小圆里,

今天在讲一个题型的时候,我觉得这么的无趣,心里想:难道只能用考试的分数来说明孩子们学的好不好么?

只是个人的一点点感触,欢迎各位老师指教呵呵

 

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2008-1-4 21:15:00
linhong_bnu
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以下是引用jessicawang在2008-1-4 21:15:00的发言:

说一下个人的看法,

看到这个话题,我心里有点不是滋味,因为小学英语应该是无压力的学与教,

但现在却要注重考试了,一下子把我们快乐教学圈在了一个小圆里,

今天在讲一个题型的时候,我觉得这么的无趣,心里想:难道只能用考试的分数来说明孩子们学的好不好么?

只是个人的一点点感触,欢迎各位老师指教呵呵

jessicawang老师:你好!欢迎你的加盟.

你说得有道理,小学英语应该是无压力的学与教.但是,无压力的学与教,不等于完全没有测试.怎样才能通过有效的测试,检查学生的(包括小学生)的语言运用能力,正是我们大家需要考虑的.两个问题,需要区别考虑.你说对吗?

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2008-1-5 0:49:00
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恭喜各位,那些试卷我没看懂一个字。

呵呵,以上发言基本不代表本人观点……
      有话好说,调侃也行,胡说也可,说错就改。
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france1981
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以下是引用公孙老师在2008-1-6 13:24:00的发言:
恭喜各位,那些试卷我没看懂一个字。

公孙老师 谢谢你对专家老师这么高的评价 下次有机会一定和你学习一下 你的水平一定在专家上面.

你说的话 我也没看懂一个字 你的目的是什么?

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2008-1-8 13:00:00
france1981
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1.----.If you are free tonight, I’d like to invite you to watch  US Open  Tennis Championships

 -----That’s nice of you, but are you ____________________?

A .free      B.  selfish  C. serious  D. modest

 

2. ---The film Harry Potter became very popular in England.

---_________ the movies Curse of the Golden Flower in China.

   A. Neither was  B. So was   C. Neither did   D. So did

3.---Sorry, Joe, I didn’t mean to hurt you.

 ----Don’t call me “Joe”. I am Mr. Parker to you, and ______ you forget it!

A. do         B. didn’t     C. did         D. don’t

4. She asked me ____________________ yesterday evening.

A. how much time did I spend on my homework                  

B .how much time I spent in my homework                                                        

C. how much time did you spend doing your homework     

 

                               

                               

                               

                               

5. _____ people like him because he thinks_________ of himself than others.

   A. Little, more    B. Most, less   C. A few, more    D. many, more

 

7. Thanks for _____ the new chairperson.

A. recommend me as                 B. recommending me as

C. recommend me for             D. recommending me for

 

8. Have you finished your work ________? What a hardworking boy!

   A. already      B.yet         C. still         D. almost

 

 

 

9. –-Passed your driving test?

--No. I _____too busy to have enough practice, so I didn’t take the driving test last week. I’m going to next week.

A.was         B am       C .have been           D .had been

 

 

 

 

10. --Can you tell me how to learn Math well?

--Do more exercises, ________you’ll be clever at it.

A.then         B.so       C.and                 D.until

 

 

11.It’s so hot these days that Eddie likes sleeping with the window______at night.

A.wide opened  B.widely opened    C. wide open     D.widely open

 

12.A woman was found___________ in her house this morning. The police said she was attacked with a knife and bled to_________.

A. dead, death    B. death, dead    C. dead, dead     D. death, death

 

 

 

13. When people talk about the basketball players of China, the first _______comes into their mind is Yaoming.

   A. city         B. one            C. that            D. of them

 

 

 

 

14 ---____I book a table for dinner ahead of time?

  ---Yes,you_____.The restaurant is always full of people.

   A.Must : can    B. Will : will      C Shall ;need   D .Shall ; must

 

 

 

15.______ you want me to fire you , I suggest you stop wearing sport clothes at office.

  A.Unless        B. Only if         C. If only      D.since

 

 

 

16--- I am not good at table tennis ,you know.

  ---_______We’re playing for fun. Just try and you’ll see you can do it

  A. Well ,it depends.    B. Take your time.   C. Come on! D. That’s OK.

 

 

 

 

17.It usually _____me ten mins to get _______ in the moring.

  A. takes ;dressing      B. spends ; dressing

  C. takes ;dressed       D. cost ;  dressed

 

18.She is terribly ill. You’d better ______ a doctor at once.

  A. call for       B.call at     C. call on   D. call in

 

19 _________ will be years _______we meet again.

  A. There , since   B. It, before  C. It, that   D. There, after

 

 

 

20.Many passengers were walking through one of the big hall at Paris’ Airport______the whole roof fell down.

  A.while         B.as soon as   C.when    D.after

                              

6. She looks beautiful . Here “beautiful ” is ___________.

A. object          B. attributive  C. predicative      D. adverbial

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