The following principles should be observed when MC items are constructed.
①. Each MC should have only ONE answer. ..
e.g. “I stayed here until John __________.” (Anything wrong?)
A. had come B. came C. would come D. has come
②. Only one feature at a time should be tested: (一次只考查一个知识点，主要为了给教学提供反馈信息。）
e.g. “I never knew where _____________ .”(Anything wrong?)
A. had the boys gone B. the boys have gone
C. have the boys gone D. the boys had gone
③. Each option should be grammatically right when placed in the stem.
e.g. “ Someone who designs houses is a __________ .”(Anything wrong?)
John soon returned to _________.
A. work B. the prison C. home D. school
④. All MC items should be at a level appropriate to students' level. The context should be at a proper level that the actual problem with which the item is testing.(题目的上下文的语法结构、词汇一定不要超过考查点的难度。）
⑤. MC times should be as brief as possible.
⑥. In many tests, items are arranged in rough order of increasing difficulty (先考容易的题，难题放在后面） .
n Its primary purpose: present the problem clearly and concisely
e.g. “The word ‘astronaut’ is used in the passage to refer to __________. ( Anything wrong or not good?)
A. travelers in an ocean liner
B. travelers in a spaceship
C. travelers in a submarine
“I enjoy _______ the children playing in the park.”( Anything wrong or not good?)
A. looking to B. looking about C. looking at D. looking on
n The stem may take the following forms:
(a) An_____________ statement
e.g. “He accused me of ________ lies.”
A. speaking B. saying C. telling D. talking
(b) a ___________ statement
e.g. “Everything we wanted was to hand.
A. under control B. well cared for C. within reach D. being prepared
(c) a __________
e.g. “According to the writer, what did Tom immediately do?”
A. He ran home. B. He began to shout.
C. He met Bob. D. He phoned the police.
The Distractors 干扰项的设计：（这个环节往往让老师最头疼）
l Each distractor should be reasonably attractive and plausible.（需要具有一定的干扰力）
e.g. “The present tax reforms have benefited _________ poor.” （NOT GOOD)
A. that B. the C. a D. an
e.g. “ How did Picard first travel in space?”
A. He traveled in a space ship.
B. He went in a submarine.
C. He used a large balloon.
D. He jumped from a tall building.
（学生一定在想：出这个题的老师脑子进水了，题目是travel in space, 只有疯子才会想到那些方法，哈哈！）
现在到了完形填空题了。我个人总结的命制完形填空题应该注意的事项（Cloze Test DIY）：
Find a passage of proper
length (250—300 words)
topic (instructive stories)
level of language difficulty
Choose what to be tested
notional words (nouns, adjectives, adverbs, verbs)
words/phrases which can
tell the development of the story
tell the writer’s ideas
tell the main idea of the passage
tell the logic relations between the lines
be figured out from somewhere else or the clues of the story
Choose where to leave a blank
not in the first sentence
three at most in the same sentence
more than 4 words between every two blanks
Provide distracters that can
distract the examinees’ understanding or judgments
be easily confusing with the keys in meanings
not be distinguished in forms
not be related in terms of grammar
not cause disputes
focus on same ideas or word meanings
A month after Hurricane Katrina, I returned home in New Orleans. There lay my ____36___, reduced to waist-high ruins, smelly and ____37___.
Before the trip, I’d had my car fixed. When the office employee of the garage was writing up the ____38___, she noticed my Louisiana license plate. “You from New Orleans?” she asked. I said I was. “No ____39___,” she said, and firmly shook her head when I reached for my ____40___. The next day I went for a haircut, and the ____41___ thing happened.
____42___ my wife was studying in Florida, we decided to move there and tried to find a rental house that we could ____43___ while also paying off a mortgage (抵押贷款) on our ruined house. We looked at many places, but none was ____44___. We’d begun to ____45___ that we’d have to live in extremely reduced circumstances for a while, when I got a very curious e-mail from a James Kennedy in California. He’d read some pieces I’d written about our ____46___ for Slate, the online magazine, and wanted to give us (“no conditions attached”) a new house across the lake from New Orleans.
It sounded too ____47___ to be true, but I replied, thanking him for his exceptional ____48___, that we had no plans to go back. Then a poet at the University of Florida ____49___ to let his house to me while he went to England on his one-year paid leave. The ____50___ was rather reasonable. I mentioned the poet’s offer to James Kennedy, ____51___ the next day he sent a check ____52___ our entire rent for eight months.
Throughout this ____53___ experience, the kindness of ____54___ has done much to bring back my faith in humanity. It’s almost worth ____55___ your worldly possessions to be reminded that people are really nice when given half a chance.
36. A. home B. house C. garage D. hospital
37. A. short B. poor C. dirty D. lovely
38. A. bill B. note C. account D. cheque
39. A. money B. service C. debt D. charge
40. A. purse B. wallet C. coins D. pocket
41. A. same B. funny C. miserable D. different
42. A. As B. If C. When D. Though
43. A. buy B. borrow C. lose D. afford
44. A. reasonable B. cheap C. satisfactory D. convenient
45. A. accuse B. access C. accept D. accommodate
46. A. sufferings B. conditions C. offerings D. appreciations
47. A. curious B. hard C. good D. pleasant
48. A. generosity B. possession C. attitude D. behavior
49. A. encouraged B. advised C. wondered D. offered
50. A. hire B. rent C. deal D. devotion
51. A. and B. but C. therefore D. yet
52. A. counting B. sharing C. covering D. paying
53. A. wonderful B. painful C. successful D. harmful
54. A. friends B. neighbors C. relatives D. strangers
55. A. receiving B. offering C. losing D. gaining
1.----.If you are free tonight, I’d like to invite you to watch US Open Tennis Championships
-----That’s nice of you, but are you ____________________?
A .free B. selfish C. serious D. modest
2. ---The film Harry Potter ⅳ became very popular in England.
---_________ the movies Curse of the Golden Flower in
A. Neither was B. So was C. Neither did D. So did
3.---Sorry, Joe, I didn’t mean to hurt you.
----Don’t call me “Joe”. I am Mr. Parker to you, and ______ you forget it!
A. do B. didn’t C. did D. don’t
4. She asked me ____________________ yesterday evening.
A. how much time did I spend on my homework
B .how much time I spent in my homework
C. how much time did you spend doing your homework
5. _____ people like him because he thinks_________ of himself than others.
A. Little, more B. Most, less C. A few, more D. many, more
7. Thanks for _____ the new chairperson.
A. recommend me as B. recommending me as
C. recommend me for D. recommending me for
8. Have you finished your work ________? What a hardworking boy!
A. already B.yet C. still D. almost
9. –-Passed your driving test?
--No. I _____too busy to have enough practice, so I didn’t take the driving test last week. I’m going to next week.
A.was B am C .have been D .had been
10. --Can you tell me how to learn Math well?
--Do more exercises, ________you’ll be clever at it.
A.then B.so C.and D.until
11.It’s so hot these days that Eddie likes sleeping with the window______at night.
A.wide opened B.widely opened C. wide open D.widely open
12.A woman was found___________ in her house this morning. The police said she was attacked with a knife and bled to_________.
A. dead, death B. death, dead C. dead, dead D. death, death
13. When people talk about the basketball players of
A. city B. one C. that D. of them
14 ---____I book a table for dinner ahead of time?
---Yes,you_____.The restaurant is always full of people.
A.Must : can B. Will : will C Shall ;need D .Shall ; must
15.______ you want me to fire you , I suggest you stop wearing sport clothes at office.
A.Unless B. Only if C. If only D.since
16--- I am not good at table tennis ,you know.
---_______We’re playing for fun. Just try and you’ll see you can do it
A. Well ,it depends. B. Take your time. C. Come on! D. That’s OK.
17.It usually _____me ten mins to get _______ in the moring.
A. takes ;dressing B. spends ; dressing
C. takes ;dressed D. cost ; dressed
18.She is terribly ill. You’d better ______ a doctor at once.
A. call for B.call at C. call on D. call in
19 _________ will be years _______we meet again.
A. There , since B. It, before C. It, that D. There, after
20.Many passengers were walking through one of the big hall at
A.while B.as soon as C.when D.after
6. She looks beautiful . Here “beautiful ” is ___________.
A. object B. attributive C. predicative D. adverbial